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The Australian labour market is changing rapidly as the COVID-19 situation continues to develop.

We will publish research and analysis on changing labour market conditions to this page when possible to ensure you have the information you need to understand the effects that COVID-19 is having on the labour market, and to explore how jobs are changing in your region.

The  Jobs Hub   provides an up to date list of some of the businesses and organisations that are currently hiring, how to contact them if you are looking for work, as well as the latest information on jobs by location.

To stay up to date, please subscribe by emailing lmip@dese.gov.au

The jobs in demand right now

The Department of Education, Skills and Employment has analysed real time hiring activity from online job advertisements (sourced from Burning Glass Technologies) and job placements data (from jobactive). The data show strong growth in health and personal service jobs, particularly for Physicians, Registered Nurses and Nursing Support Workers, with 900 more hospital jobs in March compared to February. There has also been growth in logistics jobs (Truck Drivers, Storepersons, Shelf Fillers) and some retail jobs (Pharmacy Sales Assistants, Checkout Operators and Commercial Cleaners).

Further, the Department’s employer liaison network has observed demand for workers in the following sectors:

• manufacturing – medical supplies, pharmaceuticals, food and groceries

• warehousing – distribution centres, transport (local and long distance) and logistics (truck drivers, store persons, shelf fillers)

• retail – supermarkets, pharmacies, other food outlets (pharmacist sales assistants, checkout operators and commercial cleaners)

• hospitals and care facilities (physicians, registered nurses and nurse support workers)

• IT and call centres

• mining

• agriculture / harvest

Occupations in demand will change during and following the COVID-19 pandemic, and the department will continue to monitor the situation closely over the coming weeks and months and publish insights to support your job search and labour market analysis.

Industry employment baseline – February quarter 2020

The ABS released industry employment data for the February quarter 2020 on 26 March. The Industry employment baseline brief summarises employment in sectors directly affected by Stage 1 and Stage 2 restrictions, and in sectors where there has been recent observed demand for workers.

Industry employment baseline - February quarter 2020 (190.4KB)

Labour Market Maps and Analytics

A new  interactive dashboard   is now available, providing key labour market statistics and unemployment rate maps at the national, state/territory and regional levels. Using the tabs at the top of the dashboard, you can choose the state, territory or region of interest to you and navigate through the information available. Data are based on the monthly ABS Labour Force Survey and will be updated as new survey results are released.

Understanding your skills as the jobs in demand change

Despite the considerable uncertainty around what job opportunities may be available in the future, it is important to understand the skills you have built in past jobs and how this experience equips you to work in a range of different jobs you may not have previously considered, but might be in demand.

Visit Skills Match on the Department of Education, Skills and Employment’s Job Outlook website to help you identify your skills, then present you with new job ideas you may be able to transfer these skills into. For example, using Skills Match, we found that people employed in the largest five occupations (Waiters; Kitchenhands; Bar Attendants and Baristas; Chefs and Sales Assistants (General)) in the Accommodation and Food Services industry may have the necessary skills to transition into the jobs in demand now that support important services (listed below) like:

• Checkout Operators and Office Cashiers

• Commercial Cleaners

• Food and Drink Factory Workers

• Packers

• Pharmacy Sales Assistants

• Shelf Fillers

• Storepersons

• Truck Drivers

• Couriers

• Stock Clerks

• Hospital Orderlies

• Aged and Disabled Carers

• Nursing Support Workers

• Personal Care Assistants

• Telemarketers

• Call Centre or Contact Centre Operators

Additional information about Skills Match can be found here: https://www.employment.gov.au/newsroom/new-tool-help-workers-pave-way-their-next-career-move

Jobs in demand in Important Services

Supermarket and Grocery Stores; Pharmaceutical and Other Store-Based Retailing; Road Freight Transport; Postal and Courier Pick-up and Delivery Services; Grocery, Liquor and Tobacco Product Wholesaling; Fuel Retailing; Pharmaceutical and Toiletry Goods Wholesaling; Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Product Manufacturing; Cleaning Compound and Toiletry Preparation Manufacturing; Pump, Compressor, Heating and Ventilation Equipment Manufacturing; Beverage Manufacturing; Food Product Manufacturing; Hospitals; Pathology and Diagnostic Imaging Services; Residential Care Services

Occupational risks from COVID-19 – analysis using Physical Proximity and Exposure to Disease data

The Department of Education, Skills and Employment has analysed data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the United States Department of Labour O*NET Database to produce insights into the potential risk from COVID-19 on different occupations in the labour market.

The link below has an interactive visualisation including the levels of Physical Proximity to others that workers in different types of jobs typically experience, and the Exposure to Disease and Infection they may experience through their daily duties.


The data show that service based occupations, particularly those in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry, are at greatest risk from COVID-19. Indeed, the data in highlight the importance of social distancing in managing the spread of COVID-19, as the incidence of Physical Proximity to others is higher for more occupations (including for those in office based occupations) than the relative Exposure to Disease and Infection, which concentrates in health care occupations and for those working in personal services like beauty therapy.


Example chart - COVID-19 risk exposure, for occupations where their Physical Proximity and Exposure to Disease scores are both greater than or equal to 50 and their occupational employment level is greater than or equal to 25,000 (at the time of the 2016 Census)

Occupation Risk Analysis (107.2KB)

Sources: Department of Education, Skills and Employment, joboutlook.gov.au, ANZSCO to O*NET concordance; Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census data; United States Department of Labor, O*NET database.


Changes in the Australian labour market: a 30-year perspective

The Australian labour market has experienced almost three decades of uninterrupted growth. This note looks at a number of changes that the labour market has undergone over this time, to paint a big picture view of where our future jobs might be, each with their own range of required skills and education.

Changes in the Australian labour market: a 30-year perspective (Word) (415.5KB) Changes in the Australian labour market: a 30-year perspective (PDF) (843.9KB)

STEM Occupations List

The file below contains a list of 108 ANZSCO 4-digit occupations classified as STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics). This occupations list is used by the Department of Education, Skills and Employment in analytical reports.

STEM occupations list – February 2019 (12.7KB)


Survey of personal care workers in aged and disability care

Personal care workers provide care, support and services to the elderly or to those with disability, either in their own home or in a clinic, hospital, in a residential care facility, or community setting.

The Department of Education, Skills and Employment conducted a survey of employers in the aged and disability care sectors in September-October 2017, focussing on the issues they face when recruiting for personal care workers. Read more about:

• what employers are looking for

• the range of tasks these workers undertake

• recruitment experiences and outcomes, and

• turnover and retention.

Summary of findings: Personal Care Workers in aged and disability care: a snapshot (720.0KB) The full report: The labour market for personal care workers, in aged and disability care, Australia 2017 (1.2MB) Disability care sector detailed report: Appendix A: The labour market for personal care workers, Australia 2017 (878.1KB) Aged care sector detailed report: Appendix B: The labour market for personal care workers, Australia 2017 (861.9KB)

Supporting data

Employment Projections

Where will the jobs be in the future? The Department of Education, Skills and Employment projects employment growth over the next five years by region, industry, and occupation.

Vacancy Report

Online job advertising levels and trends by region, occupation and skill level are detailed in the monthly vacancy report.

Employers’ Recruitment Insights

The Survey of Employers' Recruitment Experiences is used to monitor recruitment conditions and to provide up-to-date information on regional labour market challenges.

Workforce Shortages

The Department carries out research to identify workforce shortages at the state, territory and/or national level for around 80 occupations.