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Occupation Resilience Framework

The National Skills Commission has developed the occupational resilience framework. The framework focuses on the latest labour market data for occupations that reflect the recovery path the labour market is taking, providing insights into the relative impacts of COVID-19 on different occupations.

The occupational resilience framework ranks occupations at the four-digit level of ANZSCO in terms of their relative short to medium-term employment growth prospects.

The full list of resilient occupations is available on the Employment Projections page of the LMIP.

Further information about the occupational resilience framework, including analysis of the composition of the list and insights into its use for public policy purposes, can be found in the NSC report ‘The Shape of Australia’s post COVID-19 workforce’

Occupational Risks from COVID-19 – Analysis using Physical Proximity and Exposure to Disease Data

The National Skills Commission has analysed data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the United States Department of Labour O*NET Database to produce insights into the potential risk from COVID-19 on different occupations in the labour market.

This analysis calculates the ‘Physical Proximity’ and ‘Exposure to Disease and Infection’ typically involved in the regular work duties of different jobs across the Australian Labour Market.

The link below has several interactive visualisations to help users understand the distribution of these ‘Physical Proximity’ and ‘Exposure to Disease and Infection’ scores across occupational and industry groups.


The data show that service based occupations, particularly those in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry, are at greatest risk from COVID-19. Indeed, the data in highlight the importance of social distancing in managing the spread of COVID-19, as the incidence of Physical Proximity to others is higher for more occupations (including for those in office based occupations) than the relative Exposure to Disease and Infection, which concentrates in health care occupations and for those working in personal services like beauty therapy.

The distribution of Physical Proximity scores across industries show the Retail Trade and Accommodation and Food Services industries have the highest proportions of industry employment in occupations with Physical Proximity scores greater than or equal to 50 (90.4%, and 87.6% respectively). These industries will likely face increased difficulty adjusting their regular work duties to accommodate social distancing requirements.


Example chart - COVID-19 risk exposure, for occupations where their Physical Proximity and Exposure to Disease scores are both greater than or equal to 50 and their occupational employment level is greater than or equal to 25,000 (at the time of the 2016 Census)

Occupation Risk Analysis (PDF) (107.2KB)

Sources: National Skills Commission, joboutlook.gov.au, ANZSCO to O*NET concordance; Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census data; United States Department of Labor, O*NET database.

Supporting data

Employment Projections

Where will the jobs be in the future? The National Skills Commission projects employment growth over the next five years by region, industry, and occupation.

Vacancy Report

Online job advertising levels and trends by region, occupation and skill level are detailed in the monthly vacancy report.

Employers’ Recruitment Insights

The National Skills Commission surveys businesses to monitor recruitment conditions across Australia and provide insights into what employers are looking for.

Workforce Shortages

The National Skills Commission carries out research to identify workforce shortages at the state, territory and/or national level for around 80 occupations.